With proper diets and regular physical activity, diabetes can be controlled. Diabetes medication along with right insulin intake as per your doctor’s recommendation helps you to lead quite a normal life. However, negligence can be dangerous as diabetes can lead to further complications such as:
1. Cardiovascular diseases
High blood sugar levels cause fatty deposits in the blood vessels. This limits blood flow and may lead to high blood pressure. Strokes and heart problems are one of the most common health conditions related to diabetes. Furthermore, poor blood circulation weakens your limbs (intermittent claudication).
2. Nerve damage (neuropathy)
A condition called peripheral neuropathy may develop that numbs you from sensations or makes you feel cold. This begins when the capillaries on the nerves of your legs are affected and slowly spreads around the body. Meanwhile, men may experience erectile dysfunction as a result of this condition
3. Kidney damage (nephropathy)
Diabetes is the biggest reason for kidney failure. Symptoms do not appear until much later. However, high levels of protein in your urine is a clear indication of kidney damage. End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is the severest form of kidney failure. This requires life-long dialysis or a kidney transplant.
4. Eye damage (retinopathy)
According to WHO, diabetes is the cause of 2.6 percent of global blindness. Diabetes may harm the blood vessels in your eyes. This may result in visual disturbances such as floaters. These are spots or blobs that appear when you look at a white or light coloured surface. Additionally, diabetes increases the risk of cataracts and glaucoma.
5. Skin conditions
Dehydration and diabetes is a bad combination for skin. It may cause the skin to dry and crack whereas the warm spots in the skin are vulnerable to infections. These can be fungal, bacterial or yeast infections. This may appear on the hands, armpits, mouth corners or the groin. Additionally, brown skin patches, yellow bumps and thick skin, especially on the hands or feet are other skin conditions related to diabetes.
6. Foot infections
Foot ulcers and infections may occur among people with diabetes. This is related to nerve damage and low blood flow. There is a risk of amputation if proper care is not given. They may begin as small cuts and blisters, and later develop into complications. The main reason for this is slow healing.
Type 3c diabetes is a less well-known form of diabetes. This is associated with the pancreas, which are responsible for producing insulin that helps to digest food. There are two types of this illness, known as acute pancreatitis (short term inflammation of the pancreas) and chronic pancreatitis (permanent pancreas damage). Stomach pain, losing weight, diarrhea and oily stools are some of the symptoms of this condition.
8. Thyroid disorder
Thyroid disorder can be managed but not completely cured. Hypothyroidism is more common among people with type 1 diabetes.
9. Depression & Alzheimer’s
Diabetes management becomes more challenging with depression whereas there are theories that indicate type 2 diabetes may increase the chances of Alzheimer’s disease.
10. Other diseases
Hearing impairment, dental problems and a range of muscular conditions may occur as a result of diabetes. For instance, frozen shoulder, trigger finger and limited joint mobility.
Read more about tips for meal planning for a diabetic and keep the long term effects of this disease at bay.